Acne is a disease that affects the oil-producing glands (sebaceous glands) in the skin. The oil these glands make is called sebum. Sebaceous glands produce very little sebum before puberty, but during puberty, they start to make larger quantities due to an increase in hormones that follows puberty. Sebum normally flows up to the skin surface through hair follicles. Acne occurs when the path of sebum is blocked, usually by dead skin cells mixed with sebum. The hormones that have the greatest effect on the sebaceous glands are the male hormones called androgens. Both women and men carry male hormones, of course, in different quantities.
Treatment options include topical medications (antibiotics, chemical-peel like agents), oral antibiotics, hormonal medications (contraceptives, pro-estrogen products), and Isotretinoin (Accutane). Isotretinoin is indicated for moderate-severe patients and has the highest rate of lifelong cure. Isotretinoin has been on the market for over 40 years and is SAFE, despite what many non-reputable internet sites / blogs might say.
For more information please visit: